“The best way to make children good is to make them happy.” — Oscar Wilde, author and poet.
To stay involved in your child’s quest for self-improvement, you will need to provide plenty of guidance along the way. Look for teachable moments and hold conversations with your child. There may be times when you need to point out areas where they could improve and other times, they may be able to identify things they want to do better on their own.
There will be times when your child may need lessons in humility and other times when they could use a little brushing up on the manners. Each mistake they make or a problem they encounter is an opportunity for you to coach them.
Avoid the temptation to rescue them or prevent your child from making mistakes. Instead, turn frustrating incidents into opportunities for self-growth.
ü Provide tools:
You should provide your kids with tools that enable them to learn in hands – on way. Activities like worksheet – drawing and fine motor activities will help to increase their improvement in the cognitive development.
ü Listen to them:
Spend time to listen and respond to your child. Teach them to be more creative. Example, if your child likes a specific shape use craft sticks to make the shape or food particles like raisins or nuts to form that shape to make learning more fun.
ü Things a parent should focus:
Parents are supposed to focus on their cognitive development, social development and physical development. To improve on the things to do, we have to focus on these areas of development.
To improve on the cognitive development, give them worksheets that let the child think, explore and learn different things. Sing song with your child and encourage him to sing along with you. Play some animal sounds and let them identify it. Make them learn the Alphabets, Numbers and Shapes. Ask questions to them, offer choices to them, so that they come out with answers. There are more ideas to support Cognitive Development activities such as puzzles sorting, card games, Matching, Board games, Maze, Block play etc.
Parents can also focus more on Singing Rhymes, Finger play, Reading Books and also outdoor activities and games. A healthy brain naturally seeks to operate as efficiently as possible. An important key is Repetition, with repetition; a cognitive skill can eventually become a stored routine.
ü Key points
Ø Children learn best when you let them lead play.
Ø They often ask lots of questions and start understanding more complex concepts.
Cognitive skills are the essential qualities your brain utilizes to think, listen, learn and understanding.
Handling emotions has to be taught to the kids. Let them to interact with others around them. Teach them to listen, share, making eye contact etc. They feel safe at home and in your presence. They learn how to import and respond to the emotions of others, and saying ‘I am sorry‘ by following your lead. Healthy social emotional skill help kids to make friends, gain confidence in them and also help them to gain awareness of what others are feeling.
Everyone has different cognitive strengths, for example, some people have exceptionally strong memory skills while some are good in logic and reasoning. To achieve healthy social development create opportunities for social interactions. Active participation and meaningful engagement with others including family members, educator’s and peers.
A family is the child’s primary social group; hence we are responsible to teach values, skills and security. A child’s social and emotional need is to be safe, to be loved and to receive attention and also to be understood. You should also give them the space to sense power and to feel independent. Extra support could be received through grandparents. They are someone who can teach traditions, patience and the one who offers love and humor. Grandparents need to remember that they are not the parents and decisions are not theirs to make. If they stay far, they can still maintain a close relationship by phone calls, hand written letters or skyping in between visits.
Parents should actively give their child guidance that is strong enough to protect them and support it, in the right direction, yet gentle enough not to cramp the child’s development to its full capacity for good.
‘As the young twig is shaped, so grows the tree.’
Also encourage them in their daily helping in the home which is associated with greater social understanding in children later in life.
Physical development in a child includes all the gross motor activities like climbing, running, pedalling a cycle, walking up and down stairs, and one foot on each step, washing and drying hands are all examples of gross Motors activities. The best gross motor activity at home would be running or chasing behind a bubble or balloon. It is a wonderful activity for kids to develop their gross motor activity.
The other wonderful activity is dancing which helps your child to develop balance coordination and motor sequencing skills. It also helps your child the awareness of rhythm. For example you can do “The wheels on the bus”. Few other activities would be kneeling, crawling, jumping and more.
Physical development also includes the development in fine motor activities such as Play-dough (it is a sensory diet), Painting (for hand-eye coordination), playing with sponge (teach them the concept of wet /dry), water play (create some colour mixing techniques) etc.
Children use their fine motor skills in simple day-today activities like writing, holding small items, clothing, turning pages and eating. Of course every child learns at a different pace and some may struggle with rapidly acquiring fine motor skills. Construction activities that require pushing and pulling with fingers like lacing a shoe kind of activity and sorting construction materials in charge with screw lids are great ways to keep this fine Motor skill. Puzzles activities and train tracks are just a few ways to refine this type of fine motor capability.
Teach them the basic manners, encourage them to speak and listen effectively, and give them the opportunities to express their ideas, thoughts and feelings. We aim to develop positive attitudes towards a healthy and active way of life. Allow them to be creative which brings excitement and independence to learning. It helps to develop children’s imaginations. Encourage their ideas through art, music and dance.